For example, recently I read with great interest the series A. Posnyakova "Novgorod saga." Another "zaslanets" from this day falls in Novgorod. Despot and tyrant Ivan IV intrigues, trying to stifle in the bud the northern stronghold of Russian democracy. Free, enterprising and democratic Novgorod bravely fighting the totalitarian regime of the Moscow principality, planter slavery and dull resignation. The hero, using the information available to it from the future, strictly prevent encroachments king Ivan, smashing his army, conducting democratic reforms, developing trade, craft and ship business. It ends with the fact that it is the first to get to Novgorod Indian gold in the New World. In general -Forward in Europe. It is not known to the author, that Ivan the Terrible expanded beyond power, relying on its own (very scarce) resources. And in these times of Novgorod received a basic income is not from trade and piracy (ushkuyniki), robbery standing on the rivers of cities and small peoples of the Russian north. For this reason, he just fed up with all the others. Naturally, we had to do away with the Northern Democrats. By the way, followed soon followed Novgorod and other cities, in one way or another involved in the Hanseatic League. Hansa itself (some belonging to Novgorod which we like to communicate with the aspiration, they say, almost the then EU) was rather stupid form, owes the flourishing feudal freemen in the Baltic Sea. That is, the merchants could not carry their goods either by land or by water. Everywhere were voluntary barons and shook caravans. These barons pirated sea. That had to be united to the merchants of the coastal cities. The union was frail, constantly torn by internal squabbles. The population of the Hanseatic cities was small, no more than 20 thousand people per city. Sam Baltic market was also small, the main European trade turnover made entirely in other seas. The case ended the fact that the Baltic fleet were already established by the time of full powers (England, Holland, Sweden, etc.) quickly and all built from the "great and mighty" Hansa were alone memories. Steeped in mercantile feudal strife and the Germans could not utter a word. The situation changed only in the time of Bismarck. That is, Ivan IV just a little ahead of vremyav transition to absolutism, in which the existence of all sorts of free cities not envisaged by the definition.