The sudden death of Stalin, the termination of the "case of doctors' condemnation of the" cult of personality ", release and rehabilitation of thousands of" enemies of the people ", the weakening of fear shook system of total ideological control. Weakened the oppression of censorship, there were holes in the Iron Curtain, renewed hope for a gradual liberalization of the regime, to the spaced-hatred people began to return enlightenment. With all that had become darker brown color, in which Stalin was repainted red flag. Jews continued to pinch, do not let go, do not take; They continued to keep silent about their achievements, the military exploits of the Holocaust. But ideological baiting shed momentum. There was a thaw in the first months guessed Ehrenburg.